Wednesday, 20 August 2014

IFLA World Library and Information Congress
80th IFLA General Conference and Assembly
16-22 August 2014, Lyon, France


IFLA to build libraries’ capacity to positively influence digital information policy through new International Advocacy grant

New grant will help build capacity within the profession to advocate for positive policy change to support public access to digital information in partnership with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Global Libraries Initiative.
LYON, – 19 August 2014
World Library and Information Congress in Lyon – The International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) today announced a new grant for international advocacy activities in support of access to digital information. The investment will develop libraries’ ability to react to emerging issues in the digital environment, increase awareness within the public library community of the link between this emerging environment and their work, and create capacity to undertake advocacy activities in support of policy change.
Public access to ICTs, copyright and licensing or eBooks and eLending are just some of the issues being tackled by policymakers at national, regional and international levels, often without satisfactory results for libraries and their users. As a result, libraries can often find themselves having to work in policy environments that are not sensitive to their issues and services to the public in the digital information environment are degraded.
Over the next four years until 2018, IFLA will support national and regional capacity building activities to raise the library community’s awareness of the link between library activities and access to digital information. The grant will address the challenges facing the library profession that result from a shift from a print information environment to a digital one, and help build capacity across the profession to engage in advocacy activities in support of better policy frameworks for libraries and their users.
The International Advocacy Programme will build upon the success of the 2013 IFLA Trend Report and the flagship Building Strong Library Associations (BSLA) programme which is already working at the regional level in Europe, Africa, Asia and Oceania, and Latin America and the Caribbean. Additionally, the investment will also enable IFLA to develop its own advocacy capacity to better implement activities during the life of the project, and sustain effectiveness in the years following the grant’s conclusion.
IFLA President Sinikka Sipilä said, “When the digital information environment is changing so quickly, the library profession must be prepared. The new International Advocacy Programme gives IFLA the opportunity to help libraries worldwide understand the issues and react proactively to them. We want libraries to get the best possibly policy frameworks for their activities.”

Monday, 18 August 2014

Lyon Declaration on Access to Information and Development

The Lyon Declaration of August 2014 was written in English. The wording of the English version shall prevail.
The United Nations is negotiating a new development agenda to succeed the Millennium Development Goals. The agenda will guide all countries on approaches to improving people’s lives, and outline a new set of goals to be reached during the period 2016-2030.
We, the undersigned, believe that increasing access to information and knowledge across society, assisted by the availability of information and communications technologies (ICTs), supports sustainable development and improves people’s lives.
We therefore call upon the Member States of the United Nations to make an international commitment to use the post-2015 development agenda to ensure that everyone has access to, and is able to understand, use and share the information that is necessary to promote sustainable development and democratic societies.

Principles

Sustainable development seeks to ensure the long-term socio-economic prosperity and well-being of people everywhere. The ability of governments, parliamentarians, local authorities, local communities, civil society, the private sector and individuals to make informed decisions is essential to achieving it.
In this context, a right to information would be transformational. Access to information supports development by empowering people, especially marginalised people and those living in poverty, to:
  • Exercise their civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights.
  • Be economically active, productive and innovative.
  • Learn and apply new skills.
  • Enrich cultural identity and expression.
  • Take part in decision-making and participate in an active and engaged civil society.
  • Create community-based solutions to development challenges.
  • Ensure accountability, transparency, good governance, participation and empowerment.
  • Measure progress on public and private commitments on sustainable development.

Declaration

In accordance with the findings of the High Level Panel on the Post–2015 Development Agenda, the post-2015 consultations of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Open Working Group Focus Area Report, all of which identified the crucial role of access to information in supporting development, we, the undersigned, recognise that:
  1. Poverty is multidimensional, and progress in eradicating poverty is linked to sustainable development across a variety of areas.
  2. Sustainable development must take place in a human-rights based framework, where:
    1. Inequality is reduced by the empowerment, education and inclusion of marginalized groups, including women, indigenous peoples, minorities, migrants, refugees, persons with disabilities, older persons, children and youth.
    2. Gender equality, along with full social, economic and political engagement, can be significantly enhanced by empowering women and girls through equitable access to education.
    3. Dignity and autonomy can be strengthened by ensuring access to employment and decent jobs for all.
    4. Equitable access to information, freedom of expression, freedom of association and assembly, and privacy are promoted, protected and respected as being central to an individual’s independence.
    5. Public participation of all is ensured to allow them to take ownership of change needed to improve their lives.
  1. Increased access to information and knowledge, underpinned by universal literacy, is an essential pillar of sustainable development. Greater availability of quality information and data and the involvement of communities in its creation will provide a fuller, more transparent allocation of resources.
  2. Information intermediaries such as libraries, archives, civil society organisations (CSOs), community leaders and the media have the skills and resources to help governments, institutions and individuals communicate, organize, structure and understand data that is critical to development. They can do this by:
    1. Providing information on basic rights and entitlements, public services, environment, health, education, work opportunities, and public expenditure that supports local communities and people to guide their own development.
    2. Identifying and focusing attention on relevant and pressing needs and problems within a population.
    3. Connecting stakeholders across regional, cultural and other barriers to facilitate communication and the exchange of development solutions that could be scaled for greater impact.
    4. Preserving and ensuring ongoing access to cultural heritage, government records and information by the public, through the stewardship of national libraries and archives and other public heritage institutions.
    5. Providing public forums and space for wider civil society participation and engagement in decision-making.
    6. Offering training and skills to help people access and understand the information and services most helpful to them.
  1. Improved ICT infrastructure can be used to expand communications, speed up the delivery of services and provide access to crucial information particularly in remote communities. Libraries and other information intermediaries can use ICTs to bridge the gap between national policy and local implementation to ensure that the benefits of development reach all communities.
  2. We, the undersigned, therefore call on Member States of the United Nations to acknowledge that access to information, and the skills to use it effectively, are required for sustainable development, and ensure that this is recognised in the post-2015 development agenda by:
    1. Acknowledging the public's right to access information and data, while respecting the right to individual privacy.
    2. Recognising the important role of local authorities, information intermediaries and infrastructure such as ICTs and an open Internet as a means of implementation.
    3. Adopting policy, standards and legislation to ensure the continued funding, integrity, preservation and provision of information by governments, and access by people.
    4. Developing targets and indicators that enable measurement of the impact of access to information and data and reporting on progress during each year of the goals in a Development and Access to Information (DA2I) report.

Sinikka Sipilä
Distinguished guests, dear colleagues, ladies and gentlemen

Bonjour!
It is a great pleasure to welcome you to Lyon and the 80th IFLA General Conference and Assembly. I would like to thank you all for participating in this great event in Lyon in France.
There is a long IFLA tradition in this country. The French library community has been in many ways a strong support for IFLA.  Our French colleagues were numbered among the founding fathers of our Federation who gathered in Edinburgh in 1927. Christine Deschamps served as IFLA President in 1997-2003, being only the second female President in the 70 years of IFLA’s history.  This congress is the sixth IFLA Congress organised in France. The previous ones have been held in Avignon in 1933, Paris in 1937 and 1957, in Grenoble in 1973 and again in Paris in 1989. The National Library of France (BnF) hosted for many years the IFLA Preservation and Conservation Strategic Programme. Our French colleagues have participated actively in IFLA committees and Congresses and promoted passionately, along with the international French speaking library community, multilingualism within IFLA.
Lyon is a city of innovation as our hosts indicated in their welcoming letter to this Congress. Lyon has developed a smart and knowledge city strategy and is thus an ideal host for a congress on knowledge. Lyon invests in culture, and that a major part of its cultural budget goes to libraries is a leading and inspirational example to other cities. This can be seen in the use of libraries being so high in the national comparison. 
In Lyon, as for many major French libraries, there is a direct link with the French Revolution in 1789, since the majority of them were founded after the church collections and private collections of emigrants were seized and given back to the people by the creation of public libraries with state collections (bibliothèques classées). During my visit to Lyon and Paris in April I was introduced to some treasures of these unique collections.
The French Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen that was launched during the Revolution has influenced, for its part, the content of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Its Article 19 concerning freedom of opinion and expression is one of the core values of IFLA and the library sector. Today within IFLA, our Freedom of Access to Information and Freedom of Expression Strategic Programme (FAIFE) is an initiative to defend and promote the basic human rights defined in Article 19.
I would like to commend the National Committee on their selection of the Congress theme “Libraries, Citizens, Societies: Confluence for Knowledge”.  I am very pleased and proud that the theme complements and builds on my Presidential theme and implements its core idea: libraries empower citizens and societies. 
Because this is what I believe in and therefore, I have chosen as my Presidential theme "Strong Libraries, Strong Societies".  I firmly believe that libraries exert an impact on society and development by fostering equal opportunities and providing equitable access to lifelong learning and education, research and innovation, culture and recreation for all. In this way, libraries can contribute to building stronger communities and societies.  Strong libraries are the ones that have adequate resources to meet the information needs of their patrons.  It is my belief that strong societies consist of informed citizens who actively take part in the life of their communities and societies.
My theme was discussed widely at my first President’s Meeting in May this year in Helsinki, Finland.  We will continue these discussions at my second President’s Meeting that will take place in Istanbul, Turkey on 3-5 June 2015.
Through the new designs of libraries, and innovative library services, it has become abundantly clear how an easily accessible and open public space can improve the overall welfare, creativity and capacity of the citizens of a city or any other area. A library provides an environment in which new activities and culture can be created. It is an environment which can exploit and utilize existing diverse stimuli, a place where people can meet friends and make new acquaintances, and generate new ideas through a confluence of shared knowledge. A strong library brings positive effects for community development, education, real democracy, government efficiency, economic development, and individual health and well-being. Inspirational library and learning spaces are being established across the spectrum of the library sector.  As a place that invites people from all walks of life to participate in an atmosphere of inspiration and cooperation, libraries truly are a confluence of my Presidential theme and the Congress theme.
IFLA, as the global voice of the library and information sector is focusing its activities in creating opportunities for all members of the community to participate fully in the information and knowledge society.
I find the Congress theme very apt also for the venue where we will launch the Lyon Declaration on Access to Information and Development as one of the highlights tomorrow morning at 09:30. The Declaration is an IFLA collaborative initiative and an advocacy document that will be used to positively influence the United Nations Post-2015 development agenda.  The Declaration states clearly that access to information supports development by empowering people to exercise their civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, learn and apply new skills and make decisions and participate in an active and engaged civil society.
I would like to congratulate and thank the National Committee and the entire French library community for organising such a great Congress. We all appreciate how much work it takes to put together a Congress like this. It requires at least two years’ planning and one year’s intensive preparations before everything is in place and ready to welcome you, the participants.
And here we are now! I have the pleasure to warmly welcome you all to the 80th IFLA Congress in Lyon, the city of confluence for knowledge and innovation.  We all are looking forward to the interesting programme of the conference, to participating in various forums to discuss and learn from topics of mutual concern or new innovations, making new acquaintances and reinforcing old friendships. Lyon is an ideal venue for social interaction.  It is well-known for its gastronomy, so while enjoying Lyon’s hospitality and good food we will also experience many other very important aspects of the lifestyle of our French colleagues, together with interesting tours and library visits in this city, the region or other parts of France. 
It is with much pleasure that I declare the 80th IFLA General Conference and Assembly open!
Sinikka Sipilä
IFLA President

Monday, 28 October 2013

Library and Information Technology Today

A WELCOME ADDRESS DELIVERED BY THE CHAIRMAN, NLA, IT SECTION AT THE OPENING CEREMONY OF THE 7TH LIBRARY AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY TODAY (LITT) 2013 NATIONAL WORKSHOP ON MONDAY, 7TH OCTOBER, 2013 AT THE RIVERS STATE UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, RIVERS STATE

The Vice Chancellor,
The Principals officers,
The Chairman and Executive Members of NLA Rivers State Chapter,
Invited Guests,
Head of Libraries,
Distinguished Professional Colleagues,
members of the Press,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

I have a great pleasure in welcoming you all to the 7thNational Workshop of the NLA, IT Section tagged Library and Information Technology Today (LITT) 2013. The theme of this year’s workshop is “Nigerian Libraries: Evolving in New Directions”. The IT Section of Nigerian Library Association is one of the most proactive and pragmatic sections of our noble professional body. This section could not have done less in the face of the current challenges faced by our libraries nationally. We are therefore grateful to the Vice Chancellor, Professor B.B. Fakae, for accepting to host this workshop unconditionally. In addition, he provided Amphi-Theatre for this opening ceremony, the library staff,  the Information Technology Centre (ITC) staff and facilities as well as the internal security. He also sponsored five Library Staff to this workshop and several other logistics to ensure that all delegates had a pleasant stay in RSUST.


The infusion of computer and other communication technologies into library and information services has brought the information professionals around the world into the reality of the electronic age. Library Information professionals in Nigeria have however decided to take the bull by the horn and build up their knowledge-base in this all-important area of ICT penetration into library and information services provision. Hence, the commencement of National Workshop tagged Library and Information Technology Today about seven years ago and this is the 7th in that series. NLA IT Section has come a long way in her fulfillment of capacity building for Library and Information Professionals and related staff. We also provide supportive roles to the institutions and organisations on issues that affect the involvement of ICT in our various types of libraries nationwide as well as organising conferences, workshops and seminars for stakeholders as it is being done today. For all the stakeholders that came from far and near, I welcome you to Port Harcourt, Rivers State and to one of the leading universities in Nigeria and Africa at large.

With diminutive and giant leaps, libraries and information organizations are evolving in innovative and exciting ways. Hence, the theme of this year’s workshop is “Nigerian Libraries: Evolving in New Directions”. The rapid changing technology and social trends are fueling ICT evolution in both exciting and frightening ways. Computers, spaces, library and information services are all evolving in different, and mostly positive directions. This year’s LITT 2013 theme will focus on mobile devices and electronic collections and how their use is changing the spaces and services in libraries. It focuses on the skills, competencies, and roles that are evolving to deal with all these changes in our communities and organizations. I stand to commend the vision and mission of the NLA and the relentless efforts of the Association at improving the standard of services in Nigerian libraries which we have pursued with vigor over the years especially the capacity building programme for Nigerian library and information professionals.

The Association has done so much in strengthening and supporting the effective service delivery through various trainings and seminars of this nature to expose information managers and library professionals to attain optimum level of development and growth as required in the 21st Century.

Mr Vice Chancellor, Ladies and gentlemen, as you are aware, the programme of the association will be on for one whole week featuring intensive training and development of human capacity. At the end of the exercise, the participants are expected to have a fulfilled professional outing which will add value to their libraries as well as service delivery in their various organisations.


One of the most important requirements for a nation to develop and sustain that development is excellent and relevant educational programme for her people. This among others, is what we strive to do at IT Section of NLA through our frequent training programme through seminars and workshops, especially LITT National Workshop, as we all know that a key ingredient for a good education is the relevancy which the information specialists provide.

On behalf of IT Section of NLA, we express our gratitude to all individuals and organizations who have contributed in one way or the other to the realization of this Annual Workshop. 









  • EbscoHost 



We also express special thanks to all the participants who have traveled from far and near to make this Workshop a success. For the first-time-visitors to this great citadel of learning, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, we ask that you relax, feel at home and enjoy the unequal hospitality, peaceful and serene environment.
Thank you and enjoy the rest of the programme.
God bless you.

Ayodele Alonge, CLN
Chairman, NLA, IT Section

Thursday, 19 September 2013

Bookless Public Library Opens in Texas

BOOKLESS PUBLIC LIBRARY

According to  (2013) An all-digital public library has been commissioned on September 14th 2013 as officials in Bexar County, Texas, celebrate the opening of the BiblioTech library. The facility offers about 10,000 free e-books for the 1.7 million residents of the county, which includes San Antonio.
On its website, the Bexar County BiblioTech library explains how its patrons can access free eBooks and audio books. To read an eBook on their own device, users must have the 3M Cloud Library app, which they can link to their library card.
The app includes a countdown of days a reader has to finish a book — starting with 14 days, according to My San Antonio.
The library has a physical presence, as well, with 600 e-readers and 48 computer stations, in addition to laptops and tablets. People can also come for things like kids' story time and computer classes, according to the library's website.
A county official compared the concept to an Apple store, in a report on the library's plans byNPR's Reema Khrais in January.
And Reema reported that the idea of a bookless library has been tried before — perhaps a bit too early. That was in 2002, when Arizona's Santa Rosa Branch Library went digital-only.
"Years later, however, residents — fatigued by the electronics — requested that actual books be added to the collection, and today, enjoy a full-access library with computers," Reema said.
Sarah Houghton, a.k.a. the tech-savvy blogger Librarian in Black, who directs the San Rafael Public Library in California, told Reema that it will take more than 100 years before all libraries are paperless. But she added that 10 to 20 percent of libraries could go bookless in the next decade.
Some libraries have struggled to adapt to an era of digital options and budget cuts. In the Washington, D.C., region, the Fairfax County (Va.) library system's decision to destroy a reported 250,000 books drew the ire of residents — and an editorial from The Washington Post.

An artist's rendering shows computer stations at the new BiblioTech bookless public library in Bexar County, Texas. The library is holding its grand opening Saturday.
An artist's rendering shows computer 

stations at the new BiblioTech
bookless public library in Bexar
County, Texas. The library is holding
 its grand opening Saturday.

Friday, 30 August 2013

RFID IN LIBRARIES

RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION (RFID) IN LIBRARIES
BY
SARAH ERHABOR OZUEM

INTRODUCTION
New technologies have always been of interest for libraries, both for the potential of increasing the quality of service and improving efficiency of operations. At present, libraries of all kinds whether academic, public, research or special libraries are overwhelmingly looking forward to adopt new technologies due to its potential for cost savings in the operations and the management of books and patrons. One of such technology which is gaining tremendous popularity among the various libraries is RFID technology since it revolutionizes the way a library operates.

OVERVIEW
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) allows an item, for example a library book, to be tracked and communicated with radio waves. There are several methods of identification, but the most common is to store a serial number that identifies a person or object, and perhaps other information on a microchip that is attached to an antenna (the chip and the antenna together are called an RFID transponder or an RFID tag). The antenna enables the chip to transmit the identification information to a reader. The reader converts the radio waves reflected back from the RFID tag into digital information that can be passed on to computers that can make use of it.

BENEFITS OF RFID IN LIBRARIES
1.   High speed inventory
RFID systems have the ability to scan books on the shelves without tipping them out or removing them. A handheld inventory reader can be moved rapidly across a shelf of books to read all the unique identification information. Using wireless technology, it is possible not only to update the inventory, but also to identify items which are out of proper order.

2.   Self-check in and check out
Using RFID technology in libraries will help patrons to get their books issued or returned without the help of a library staff. This also reduces patron queuing to get an information item and also improves productivity.

3.   High security
RFID technology ensures high security in libraries with the help of the gate antennas provided at the entry/exit points, unauthorised movement of books out of the library are prevented there ensuring high security and eliminating loss due to shrinkage and theft. i.e. when any patron tries to walk away with a book without properly issuing an alarm would be raised at the exit gate.

4.   Book drop box for book return
Since a drop box allows patrons to return the books and get an automated receipt without the help of a librarian, it helps the librarian to contribute that time more on productive duties. It leads to cutting of queues enhancing customer satisfaction as well.

5.   Patron experience
The biggest advantage that an automated library holds is increased patron satisfaction. Tracking books is no longer a pain for the patron. The patron has a pleasant experience when he walks in a library that is completely automated with smooth work-flows and no queues at the book issue counter.

6.   Image Upliftment
Smooth work-flows and increased patron satisfaction helps in uplifting the image of the library and hence the institution among all other leading libraries of the country.


7.   Tag life

RFID tags last longer than barcodes because the technology does not require line-of-sight. Most RFID vendors claim a minimum of 100,000 transactions before a tag may need to be replaced.

Tuesday, 13 August 2013

10 BIGGEST LIBRARIES IN THE WORLD

BY

                                    SARAH ERHABOR OZUEM     



10. New York Public Library (USA)
Biggest Libraries in the World - New York Public Library










This is the public library of New York, United States established in 1895 which has collections of books, magazines, newspapers, articles etc. amounting to 14 million information contents.

Biggest Libraries in the World - Vernadsky National Scientific Library 9. Vernadsky National Scientific Library of Ukraine                                                                            
.










This is the National Scientific Library of Ukraine located in Kiev, Ukraine established in 1918 with over 14 Million books, articles, journals, research papers etc.

                 
8. Harvard University Library
Biggest Libraries in the World - Harvard University Library









This is an academic library and is located at the University of Harvard in Cambridge, Massachusetts established in 1638 with about 16 million books, journals, magazines, thesis, papers, and digital contents.



7. Russian State Library Building
Biggest Libraries in the World - Russian State Library
                                    









This is Russian State Library and is located in Moscow, Russia established in 1862 with over 18 million collection of books, magazines, journals
                                                 



                                            








6. The British Library
Biggest Libraries in the World - The British Library










The British Library is the National Library of British located in London, England established in 1973 with over 23 million collections of books, journals, magazines, digital contents etc.

5. German National Library
Biggest Libraries in the World - German National Library












This is the National Library of Germany located in Leipzig, Germany and was established in 1912 with about 24.5 million collection of books, sounds, internet articles, digital contents etc.








4. National Library of Canada
Biggest Libraries in the World - National Library of Canada






This is the National  Library of Canada located in Ontario, Canada and was established in 1953 with over 26 million collections of books, articles, magazines, newspapers etc.
                            
                   
3. Library of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Biggest Libraries in the World - Library of the Russian Academy of Sciences











This an academic Library of Russia Academy of Sciences located at saint Petersburg, Russia and was established in 1714 with about 27 million contents of books, papers, articles etc.






2. National Library of China
Biggest Libraries in the World - National Library of China











This is the National Library of China located in Beijing, China and was established in 1909 with about 30 million contents of books, papers, articles, manuscripts etc.


Biggest Libraries in the World - Library of Congress1. Library of Congress
Biggest Libraries in the World - New York Public LibraryBiggest Libraries in the World - New York Public Library
Biggest Libraries in the World - New York Public Library 












This is the Library of Congress (USA) located in Washington DC, United States and was established in 1800 with over 33 million contents of books, maps, manuscripts etc.